• Spray and Dust Aerosol Laboratory

    Dr. Xiaofei Wang's Research Group at Fudan University

    Shanghai, China

  • Research

    Welcome to Dr. Xiaofei Wang’s research group (SDAL) at Fudan University. Spray aerosol and dust aerosol are the two major sources of atmospheric aerosols. However, their production mechanisms are not fully understood. Their roles in pollutants transport have not been extensively studied. Our group is focused on the following research topics: (1) physical production mechanisms of spray aerosol and dust aerosol; (2) environment and climate impact of spray/dust aerosols; (3) pollutants transport through spray/dust aerosol generation; and (4) aerosol instrument development.

    Spray aerosol production and transfer of pollutants through the air-water interface

    Dust aerosol production and transfer of pollutants through the air-soil interface

    Development of aerosol instruments

  • P. I.

    Dr. Xiaofei Wang

    Tenure Track Research Scientist (研究员,博士生导师)



    Ph.D., Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering, May 2014

    Washington University in St. Louis


    M.S., Environmental Science, June 2009

    Fudan University


    B.S., Environmental Science, June 2007

    Fudan University


    Research Experience

    Department of Environmental Science and Engineering,

    Fudan University

    Tenure Track Research Scientist/ Principal Investigator, 2018 – Present.


    Center for Aerosol Impacts on Climate and the Environment

    University of California, San Diego

    Assistant Project Scientist, 2016 – 2018. Supervisor: Kimberly A. Prather

    Postdoctoral Scholar, 2014 – 2016.


    Department of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering

    Washington University in St. Louis

    Research Assistant/Ph.D. Student, 2009 – 2014. Advisor: Pratim Biswas


    Department of Environmental Science and Engineering

    Fudan University

    Research Assistant/M.S. Student 2007 - 2009. Advisor: Xin Yang


  • Group Members

    Dr. Hong Chen

    Senior Engineer

    Dr. Xiaohui Lu

    Senior Engineer

    Shaodong Chen

    Graduate Student

    Yuqi Gan

    Graduate Student

    Qianqian Gao

    Graduate Student

    Xinhua Jiang

    Graduate Student

    Xiewen Ma

    Graduate Student

    Shurong Wang

    Graduate Student

    Shanye Yang

    Graduate Student

    Ruoyu Zhang

    Graduate Student

    Tao Zhang

    Graduate Student

  • Publications

    *: Corresponding author

    : Co-first author


    30. Jiang, X.; Rotily, L.; Villermaux, E.; Wang, X.*, Submicron Drops from Flapping Bursting Bubbles. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2022 In press.


    29. Wang, S.; Zhou, K.; Lu, X.; Chen, H.; Yang, F.; Li, Q.; Chen, J.; Prather, Kimberly A.; Yang, X.*; Wang, X.*, Online shape and density measurement of single aerosol particles. Journal of Aerosol Science 2022 159 105880.
    28. Wang, S.; Zhou, K.; Lu, X.; Chen, H.; Yang, F.; Li, Q.; Yang, X. *; Wang, X. *, Measurement of Density and Shape for Single Black Carbon Aerosols in a Heavily Polluted Urban Area. Aerosol and Air Quality Research 2021 21(12) 210162.


    27. Mayer K. J.; Wang, X. ; Santander, M. V.; Mitts B. A.; Sauer J.S.; Sultana, C. M.; Cappa, C. D.; Prather, K. A., Secondary Marine Aerosol Plays a Dominant Role over Primary Sea Spray Aerosol in Cloud Formation. ACS Central Science 2020 6, 2259–2266. ()


    26. Zhu, S.; Li, L.; Wang, S.; Li, M.; Liu, Y.; Chen, H.; Wang, L.; Chen, J.; Zhou, Z.; Yang, X.*; Wang, X.*, Development of an Automatic Linear Calibration Method for High Resolution Single Particle Mass Spectrometry: Improved Chemical Species Identification for Atmospheric Aerosols. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 2020 13, 4111–4121.


    25. Zhou, K.; Wang, S.; Lu, X.; Chen, H.; Chen, J.; Wang, L.; Yang, X.*; Wang, X.*, Production flux and chemical characteristics of spray aerosol generated from raindrop impact on seawater and soil. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 2020 125, e2019JD032052.


    24. Wang, X.; Ye, X.; Chen, J.; Wang, X.*; Yang, X.*; Fu, T.-M.; Zhu, L.; Liu, C, Direct links between hygroscopicity and mixing state of ambient aerosols: Estimating particle hygroscopicity from their single particle mass spectra. Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics 2020 20, 6273–6290.


    23. Lee, H. D.; Morris, H. S.; Laskina, O.; Sultana, C. M.; Lee, C.; Jayarathne, T.; Cox, J. L.; Wang, X.; Hasenecz, E. S.; DeMott, P. J.; Bertram, T. H.; Cappa, C. D.; Stone, E. A.; Prather, K. A.; Grassian, V. H.; Tivanski, A. V., Organic Enrichment, Physical Phase State, and Surface Tension Depression of Nascent Core–Shell Sea Spray Aerosols during Two Phytoplankton Blooms. ACS Earth and Space Chemistry 2020 4 650-660.


    22. Zhang, C.; Zou, X.; Chang, Y.; Zhang, Y.; Wang, X.*; Yang, X.*, Source assessment of atmospheric fine particulate matter in a Chinese megacity: Insights from long-term, high-time resolution chemical composition measurements from Shanghai flagship monitoring supersite. Chemosphere 2020 251 126598


    21. Zhang, X.; Zhang, Y.; Liu, Y.; Zhao, J.; Zhou, Y.; Wang, X.; Yang, X.; Zou, Z.; Zhang, C.; Fu, Q.; Xu, J., Gao, W.; Li, N.; Chen, J.; Changes in the SO2 Level and PM2.5 Components in Shanghai Driven by Implementing the Ship Emission Control Policy. Environmental Science & Technology 2019 53(19) 11580-11587.


    20. Trueblood, J. V.; Wang, X.; Or, V. W.; Alves, M. R.; Santander, M. V.; Prather, K. A.; Grassian, V. H., The Old and the New: Aging of Sea Spray Aerosol and Formation of Secondary Marine Aerosol through OH Oxidation Reactions. ACS Earth and Space Chemistry 2019 3(10) 2307-2314.


    19. Nandy, L.; Liu, S.; Gunsbury, C.; Wang, X.; Pendergraft, M. A.; Prather, K. A.; Dutcher, C. S., Multistep Phase Transitions in Sea Surface Microlayer Droplets and Aerosol Mimics using Microfluidic Wells. ACS Earth and Space Chemistry 2019 3, 1260–1267.


    18. Li, K.; Ye, X.; Pang, H.; Lu, X.; Chen, H.; Wang, X.*; Yang, X.*; Chen, J.; Chen, Y., Temporal variations in the hygroscopicity and mixing state of black carbon aerosols in a polluted megacity area. Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics 2018 18 (20) 15201-15218


    17. Wang, X.; Wang, H.; Jing, H.; Wang, W. N; Cui, W.; Williams, B. J.; Biswas, P., Formation of Nitrogen-Containing Organic Aerosol during Combustion of High Sulfur Content Coal. Energy & Fuels. 2017 31, 14161–14168.


    16. Pham, D. Q.; O'Brien, R. E.; Fraund, M.; Bonanno, D.; Laskina, O.; Beall, C.; Moore, K. A.; Forestieri, S.; Wang, X.; Lee, C.; Sultana, C. M.; Grassian, V. H.; Cappa, C. D.; Prather, K. A.; Moffet, R. C., Biological Impacts on Carbon Speciation and Morphology of Sea Spray Aerosol. ACS Earth and Space Chemistry 2017 1, 551–561.


    15. Wang, X.; Grant, D. B.; Moore, K. A.; Ryder, O. S.; Stokes, M. D.; Beall, C. M.; Collins, D. B.; Santander, M. V.; Burrows, S. M.; Sultana, C. M.; Prather, K. A., The role of jet and film drops in controlling the mixing state of submicron sea spray aerosol particles. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2017 114, 6978–6983. This paper has been highlighted by Sciencedaily.com and Phys.org.


    14. Wang, X.; Li, S.; Wang, W. N.; Biswas, P., Mercury oxidation during coal combustion by injection of vanadium pentoxide (V2O5), International Journal of Coal Geology 2017 170, 54-59.


    13. Wang, X.; He, J.; Dhungel, B.; Wang, W. N.; Kumfer, B. M.; Axelbaum, R. L.; Biswas, P., Characterization of Organic and Black Carbon Aerosol Formation during Coal Combustion: An Experimental Study in a 1MW Pilot Scale Coal Combustor. Fuel 2016 180, 653-658.


    12. Forestieri, S. D.; Cornwell, G. C.; Helgestad, T. M.; Moore, K. A.; Lee, C.; Novak, G. A.; Sultana, C. M.; Wang, X.; Bertram T. H.; Prather, K. A.; Cappa C. D.; Linking variations in sea spray aerosol particle hygroscopicity to composition during two microcosm experiments. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2016 16, 9003-9018.


    11. Wang, X.; Sultana, C. M.; Trueblood, J.; Hill, T. C. J.; Malfatti, F.; Lee, C.; Laskina, O.; Moore, K. A.; Beall, C. M.; McCluskey, C. S.; Cornwell, G. C.; Zhou, Y.; Cox, J. L.; Pendergraft, M. A.; Santander, M. V.; Bertram, T. H.; Cappa, C. D.; Azam, F.; DeMott, P. J.; Grassian, V. H.; Prather, K. A., Microbial Control of Sea Spray Aerosol Composition: A Tale of Two Blooms. ACS Central Science 2015 1, 124–131. This paper has been featured on the front cover of ACS Central Science and highligted by Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN).


    10. Wang, X.; Williams, B. J.; Biswas, P., Characteristics of Particulate Matter Emissions from Toy Cars with Electric Motors Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 2015 65, 492-499.


    9. Wang, X.; Cotter, E.; Iyer, K. N.; Fang, J.; Williams, B. J.; Biswas, P., Relationship between Pyrolysis Products and Organic Aerosols Formed during Coal Combustion. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 2015 35, 2347-2354.


    8. Jing, H.; Wang, X.; Wang, W. N.; Biswas, P., Elemental mercury oxidation in an electrostatic precipitator enhanced with in situ soft X-ray irradiation. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 2015 65, 455-465.


    7. Wang, X.; Daukoru, S. M.; Torkamani, S.; Wang, W. N.; Biswas, P., Role of Exhaust Gas Recycle on Submicrometer Particle Formation during Oxy-coal Combustion. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 2013, 34, 3479-3487.


    6. Wang, X.; Williams, B. J.; Wang, X.; Tang, Y.; Huang, Y.; Kong, L.; Yang, X.; Biswas, P., Characterization of Organic Aerosol Produced during Pulverized Coal Combustion in a Drop Tube Furnace. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2013, 13, 10919-10932.


    5. Yang, F.; Wang, X.; Zhang, Y.; Wang, X.; Chen, H.; Yang, X.; Chen, J., Real-time, single-particle measurements of ambient aerosols in Shanghai. Frontiers of Chemistry in China 2010, 5, 331-341.


    4. Wang, X.; Gao, S.; Yang, X.; Chen, H.; Chen, J.; Zhuang, G.; Surratt, J. D.; Chan, M. N.; Seinfeld, J. H., Evidence for High Molecular Weight Nitrogen-Containing Organic Salts in Urban Aerosols. Environmental Science & Technology 2010, 44, 4441-4446.


    3. Zhang, Y.; Yang, F.; Wang, M.; Wang, X.; Chen, H.; Yang, X., Single particle mass spectrometry of zinc and copper-containing aerosols in Shanghai. Journal of Fudan University (Natural Science) 2010, 51-59.


    2. Wang, X.; Zhang, Y.; Chen, H.; Yang, X.; Chen, J.; Geng, F., Particulate Nitrate Formation in a Highly Polluted Urban Area: A Case Study by Single-Particle Mass Spectrometry in Shanghai. Environmental Science & Technology 2009, 43, 3061-3066.


    1. Zhang, Y.; Wang, X.; Chen, H.; Yang, X.; Chen, J.; Allen, J. O., Source apportionment of lead-containing aerosol particles in Shanghai using single particle mass spectrometry. Chemosphere 2009, 74, 501-507.

  • Teaching

    Undergraduate course: Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry (with Prof. Lin Wang), Spring

    Course Website: ac-fudan.sxl.cn


    Graduate course: Application of MATLAB in Environmental Modelling, Fall

  • Job Openings

    Postdoc and graduate students positions are available! Please contact Dr. Wang directly!



    Email: xiaofeiwang [at] fudan [dot] edu [dot] cn

    Lab Address: Rooms 4012 & 7012, Environmental Science Building, Fudan Jiangwan Campus


    Room 7012: Online analysis lab

    Room 4012: Offline analysis lab